Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection. The parasite which generate this infection has an affinity for the vaginal epithelium. It can be transmitted from mother to the newborn. Exceptionally tricomonas vaginalis can be spread by water, sex toys, due to the ability of the microorganism to adhere to the objects.
It can survive for 24 hours outside the human body. This disease affects both men and women, but it has a higher incidence in women.
What causes Trichomonas Vaginalis?
Trichomonas vaginalis is given by a small parasite, called Trichomonas vaginalis – celled protozoan. It is sexually transmitted from an infected sexual partner. In women, the parasite usually infects the vagina, urethra, cervix, uterus, blader and glands in the genital area, such as Bartholin`s glands or Skene`s glands. In men, the infection affects the urethra. Uncircumcides men can develop an infection of the prepuce.
What are the symptoms of Trichomonas Vaginalis?
First symptoms will usually be noticeable within 28 days after getting infected. Only one from three people infected will develop symptoms from mild irritation to severe inflammation.
The manifestation of trichomonas vaginalis begin when the immunity system is weakened or when changes of the parameters of the vaginal environment occur, which will favor the multiplication of the parasite.
For instance, a decrease of the vaginal acidity or the presence of a pathogenic bacterial flora can create a great environment for trichomonas vaginalis to develop. Men are often asymptomatic but they can accuse a burning sensation when urinating or ejaculating, abnornla urethral discharge or pain in the penis. This disease can easily be associated with a urinary infection.
What happens if Trichomonas Vaginalis is not treated?
Fortunately Trichomonas vaginalis is considered easily treatable with a single dose of metronidazole. The sexual partner should also be a subject of the treatment. During the treatment any form of sexual relations are discouraged in order to eradicate this infection. A new test for Trichomonas vaginalis is not necessary if the medication was taken correctly.
If you are diagnosed with Trichomonas vaginalis and if the disease is left untreated you will be susceptible to getting infections in general. Men have a risk to prostatitis.