Mycoplasma Genitalium it is a sexually transmitted disease, most often asymptomatic, which has some similarities with other sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Because mycoplasma genitalium often occurs in association with other infections, in both women and men, doctors consider it quite difficult to diagnose.
If left untreated, infertility and urethritis may appear. Or it can lead to cervicitis in women. Women diagnosed with bacterial vaginitis, most probably also have mycoplasma genitalium. It can be easily treatable with Azithromycin.
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What causes Mycoplasma Genitalium?
This infection can be contacted if a person is sexually active. A higher risk is present in case of having multiple sex partners. Mycoplasma genitalium can be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex. An infection can stay unknown for months, since no symptoms are present.
What are the symptoms of mycoplasma genitalium?
Mycoplasma genitalium is asymptomatic, meaning most of the people will not be able to see any symptom. However, men usually have urethral leak accompanied by pain or a burning sensation during urination. The main symptom in men is an inflammation of the urethra. Men are diagnosed with mycoplasma genitalium if they came out negative in tests for chlamydia and gonorrhea. As symptoms, women may also experience pain and a burning sensation during urination. Pain during intercourse and vaginal discharge are also present.
What happens if not treated?
If not successfully treated in early stages, this infection may cause prostatitis and epididymitis on men, ectopic pregnancy in women. If left untreated for a long time, pelvic pain will occur. As a result if this infection, both men and women can become infertile.
What treatments are available?
Azithromycin proved to be the most effective medication for mycoplasma genitalium. Azithromycin therapy is most effective when a 500mg dose is administrated, two tablets in a single doze. After that, a five days treatment with the same antibiotic is necessary, in order to eradicate this disease.