Genital herpes is a highly contagious infection usually transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person who has ulcerative lesions. It can also be transmitted by oral or anal sex, and even when the sessions are not visible.
If the mother has an active infection, genital herpes can be transmitted to the newborn at birth, when passing through the pelvic canal. Genital herpes is one of the most common STDs. Lately, the incidence increased by approximately 30% compared to the years 1970. It affects adolescents in particular.
Also, it is more common for women rather than men.
Usually this infections is caused by herpes simplex virus type 2. Herpes simplex virus type 1 is responsible for lesions around the mouth during cold season, but this type can sometimes be responsible for genital herpes too. It is not possible to cure genital herpes, but the virus can be kept in control with drugs such as Famvir, Valtrex and Aciclovir.
How can you get genital herpes?
This virus is extremely contagious. You can get genital herpes if you`re having unprotected sex with an infected person or even by skin contact. Tests are in order, since this infection can also be asymptomatic. Oral sex is yet another way of getting infected.
What are the genital herpes symptoms?
More people diagnosed with genital herpes are asymptomatic or they comport minor symptoms. When you have genital herpes the skin around your genitals becomes inflamed. Your skin may be warm, painful or it can be itchy. Some blisters will appear around your genital, which will eventually break, making a crust.
When first infected following symptoms may occur: fever, headache, pain when urinating, muscle pain and swollen glands.
What can cause an outbreak of genital herpes?
Clinical trials proven there is a direct correlation between genital herpes and fatigue, abuse of alcohol, tiredness, exposing the genitals to the sunlight or friction around them.
The first occurrence of herpes can be spread over a period of several weeks. After this period, the virus retreats into the nervous system, where it remains inactive until some triggers will reactive it.
The following outbreaks can occur weeks or months after the first episode. Usually, the outbreaks are less severe and shorter than the first episode. Although, genital herpes can`t be cures and the virus can stay in the body indefinitely, the number of recurrences tend to decrease in time.
How genital herpes can be treated?
Although there is no treatment to eradicate this infection, doctors mar recommend some antiviral drugs. In terms of the injuries, analgesic drugs can be effective. If the recurrence is severe, the doctor will prescribe some antiviral drugs, such as Acyclovir, Famciclovir and Valvaciclovir for a long period of time.